The impacts of gambling on individuals and society are not limited to those directly affected by the gambler’s behavior. It has a profound impact on the community as well as on the lives of close friends, family members, and coworkers. Its impacts can span generations, life stages, and even the sanctity of individual relationships. But how do we measure gambling’s impact on the community? What are the best ways to assess and mitigate these impacts?
There are three main categories of effects of gambling: economic, social, and personal. The first group is financial and manifests as the costs and benefits of gambling. It also contributes to social activity, as well as the value of the economy. The second group is social, and includes the consequences of gambling on physical and psychological health. Some studies have found that gambling increases the level of stress and anxiety in individuals and communities. However, the most comprehensive studies have focused on the impacts of gambling on communities.
Problem gambling causes many social and economic consequences. As a result, the need for social services increases. In fact, there is a correlation between gambling and an increase in social inequality. Poorer households lose more money as a result of gambling, while higher-income households gain more money. Those with pathologic gambling often experience increased rates of child abuse, domestic violence, and homicide in their families. Furthermore, problem gamblers often report poor work performance.